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List of elected and appointed female heads of state and government

NamePortraitCountryOfficeMandate startMandate endTerm lengthHead of state or governmentExecutive or non-executive
Khertek Anchimaa-Toka Tannu Tuva[f]Chairperson of the Presidium of the Little Khural6 April 194011 October 19444 years, 188 daysHead of state
Sükhbaataryn Yanjmaa MongoliaActing Chairperson of the Presidium of the State Great Khural7 September 19537 July 1954303 daysHead of state
Sirimavo Bandaranaike Ceylon[g]Prime Minister21 July 196027 March 19654 years, 249 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Indira Gandhi IndiaPrime Minister24 January 196624 April 197711 years, 90 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Soong Ching-ling ChinaActing Co-Chairperson31 October 196824 April 19723 years, 176 daysHead of state
Golda Meir IsraelPrime Minister17 March 19693 June 19745 years, 78 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Sirimavo Bandaranaike Ceylon/
 Sri Lanka
Prime Minister29 May 197023 July 19777 years, 55 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Isabel Martínez de Perón ArgentinaPresident1 July 197424 March 19761 year, 267 daysHead of state and governmentExecutive
Elisabeth Domitien Central African RepublicPrime Minister2 January 19757 April 19761 year, 96 daysHead of government
Margaret Thatcher United KingdomPrime Minister4 May 197928 November 199011 years, 208 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo PortugalPrime Minister1 August 19793 January 1980186 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Lidia Gueiler Tejada BoliviaActing President16 November 197917 July 1980244 daysHead of state
Indira Gandhi IndiaPrime Minister15 January 198031 October 1984
(assassinated)
4 years, 290 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Dame Eugenia Charles DominicaPrime Minister21 July 198014 June 199514 years, 328 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Vigdís Finnbogadóttir IcelandPresident1 August 19801 August 199616 years, 0 daysHead of state
Gro Harlem Brundtland NorwayPrime Minister4 February 198114 October 1981252 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Soong Ching-ling ChinaHonorary President16 May 198128 May 198112 daysHead of state
Agatha Barbara MaltaPresident15 February 198215 February 19875 years, 0 daysHead of state
Milka Planinc YugoslaviaPrime Minister16 May 198215 May 19863 years, 364 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Carmen Pereira Guinea-BissauActing President14 May 198416 May 19842 daysHead of state
Corazon Aquino PhilippinesPresident25 February 198630 June 19926 years, 126 daysHead of state and governmentExecutive
Gro Harlem Brundtland NorwayPrime Minister9 May 198616 October 19893 years, 160 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Stella Sigcau TranskeiPrime Minister5 October 198730 December 198786 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Benazir Bhutto PakistanPrime Minister2 December 19886 July 19901 year, 216 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Ertha Pascal-Trouillot HaitiActing President13 March 19907 February 1991331 daysHead of state
Kazimira Prunskienė LithuaniaPrime Minister17 March 199010 January 1991299 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Sabine Bergmann-Pohl East GermanyPresident of the People’s Chamber5 April 19902 October 1990180 daysHead of state
Violeta Chamorro NicaraguaPresident25 April 199010 January 19976 years, 260 daysHead of state and governmentExecutive
Gro Harlem Brundtland NorwayPrime Minister3 November 199025 October 19965 years, 357 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Mary Robinson IrelandPresident3 December 199012 September 19976 years, 283 daysHead of state
Khaleda Zia BangladeshPrime Minister27 February 199130 March 19965 years, 32 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Édith Cresson FrancePrime Minister15 May 19912 April 1992323 daysHead of government
Hanna Suchocka PolandPrime Minister11 July 199225 October 19931 year, 106 daysHead of government
Tansu Çiller TurkeyPrime Minister13 June 19936 March 19962 years, 267 daysHead of government
Kim Campbell CanadaPrime Minister25 June 19934 November 1993132 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Sylvie Kinigi BurundiPrime Minister10 July 199327 October 1993109 daysHead of government
Agathe Uwilingiyimana RwandaPrime Minister18 July 19937 April 1994
(assassinated)
263 daysHead of government
Benazir Bhutto PakistanPrime Minister19 October 19935 November 19963 years, 17 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Sylvie Kinigi BurundiActing President27 October 19935 February 1994101 daysHead of state
Chandrika Kumaratunga Sri LankaPresident12 November 199419 November 200511 years, 7 daysHead of state and governmentExecutive
Reneta Indzhova BulgariaActing Prime Minister17 October 199425 January 1995100 daysHead of government
Claudette Werleigh HaitiPrime Minister7 November 199527 February 1996112 daysHead of government
Sheikh Hasina BangladeshPrime Minister12 June 199615 July 20015 years, 33 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Ruth Perry LiberiaChairwoman of the Council of State3 September 19962 August 1997333 daysHead of state and governmentExecutive
Rosalía Arteaga EcuadorActing President9 February 199711 February 19972 daysHead of state and government
Mary McAleese IrelandPresident11 November 199710 November 201113 years, 364 daysHead of state
Jenny Shipley New ZealandPrime Minister8 December 199710 December 19992 years, 2 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Janet Jagan GuyanaPresident19 December 199711 August 19991 year, 235 daysHead of state and governmentExecutive
Irena Degutienė LithuaniaActing Prime Minister4 May 199918 May 199914 daysHead of government
Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga LatviaPresident8 July 19998 July 20078 years, 0 daysHead of state
Nyam-Osoryn Tuyaa MongoliaActing Prime Minister22 July 199930 July 19998 daysHead of government
Mireya Moscoso PanamaPresident1 September 19991 September 20045 years, 0 daysHead of state and governmentExecutive
Irena Degutienė LithuaniaActing Prime Minister27 October 19993 November 19997 daysHead of government
Helen Clark New ZealandPrime Minister10 December 199919 November 20088 years, 350 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Tarja Halonen FinlandPresident1 March 20001 March 201212 years, 0 daysHead of state
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo PhilippinesPresident20 January 200130 June 20109 years, 161 daysHead of state and governmentExecutive
Mame Madior Boye SenegalPrime Minister3 March 20014 November 20021 year, 246 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Megawati Sukarnoputri IndonesiaPresident23 July 200120 October 20043 years, 89 daysHead of state and governmentExecutive
Khaleda Zia BangladeshPrime Minister1 October 200129 October 20065 years, 28 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Maria das Neves São Tomé and PríncipePrime Minister3 October 200218 September 20041 year, 351 daysHead of government
Anneli Jäätteenmäki FinlandPrime Minister17 April 200324 June 200368 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Nino Burjanadze GeorgiaActing President23 November 200325 January 200463 daysHead of state
Barbara Prammer AustriaCo-Acting President6 July 20048 July 20042 daysHead of state
Radmila Šekerinska Republic of MacedoniaActing Prime Minister12 May 200412 June 200431 daysHead of government
3 November 200415 December 200442 days
Yulia Tymoshenko UkrainePrime Minister24 January 20056 September 2005225 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Maria do Carmo Silveira São Tomé and PríncipePrime Minister8 June 200521 April 2006317 daysHead of government
Angela Merkel GermanyChancellor22 November 2005Incumbent15 years, 328 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf LiberiaPresident16 January 200622 January 201812 years, 6 daysHead of state and governmentExecutive
Michelle Bachelet ChilePresident11 March 200611 March 20104 years, 0 daysHead of state and governmentExecutive
Portia Simpson-Miller JamaicaPrime Minister30 March 200611 September 20071 year, 165 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Dalia Itzik IsraelActing President25 January 200715 July 2007171 daysHead of state
Pratibha Patil IndiaPresident25 July 200725 July 20125 years, 0 daysHead of state
Nino Burjanadze GeorgiaActing President25 November 200720 January 200856 daysHead of state
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner ArgentinaPresident10 December 200710 December 20158 years, 0 daysHead of state and governmentExecutive
Yulia Tymoshenko UkrainePrime Minister18 December 20073 March 20102 years, 75 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Zinaida Greceanîi MoldovaPrime Minister31 March 200814 September 20091 year, 167 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Michèle Pierre-Louis HaitiPrime Minister5 September 200811 November 20091 year, 67 daysHead of government
Ivy Matsepe-Casaburri South AfricaActing President25 September 200814 hours[5][6]Head of state and government
Sheikh Hasina BangladeshPrime Minister6 January 2009Incumbent12 years, 283 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir IcelandPrime Minister1 February 200923 May 20134 years, 111 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Rose Francine Rogombé GabonActing President10 June 200916 October 2009128 daysHead of state
Jadranka Kosor CroatiaPrime Minister6 July 200923 December 20112 years, 170 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Dalia Grybauskaitė LithuaniaPresident12 July 200912 July 201910 years, 0 daysHead of state
Cécile Manorohanta MadagascarActing Prime Minister18 December 200920 December 20092 daysHead of government
Roza Otunbayeva KyrgyzstanPresident7 April 20101 December 20111 year, 238 daysHead of state
Laura Chinchilla Costa RicaPresident8 May 20108 May 20144 years, 0 daysHead of state and governmentExecutive
Kamla Persad-Bissessar Trinidad and TobagoPrime Minister26 May 20109 September 20155 years, 106 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Mari Kiviniemi FinlandPrime Minister22 June 201022 June 20111 year, 0 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Julia Gillard AustraliaPrime Minister24 June 201027 June 20133 years, 3 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Iveta Radičová SlovakiaPrime Minister8 July 20104 April 20121 year, 271 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Dilma Rousseff BrazilPresident1 January 201131 August 2016
Suspended 12 May 2016
5 years, 243 days
5 years, 132 days
Head of state and governmentExecutive
Cissé Mariam Kaïdama Sidibé MaliPrime Minister3 April 201122 March 2012354 daysHead of government
Atifete Jahjaga KosovoPresident7 April 20117 April 20165 years, 0 daysHead of state
Yingluck Shinawatra ThailandPrime Minister3 July 20117 May 20142 years, 308 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Helle Thorning-Schmidt DenmarkPrime Minister3 October 201128 June 20153 years, 268 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Portia Simpson-Miller JamaicaPrime Minister5 January 20123 March 20164 years, 58 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Adiato Djaló Nandigna Guinea-BissauActing Prime Minister10 February 201212 April 201262 daysHead of government
Monique Ohsan Bellepeau MauritiusActing President31 March 201221 July 2012112 daysHead of state
Slavica Đukić Dejanović SerbiaActing President5 April 201231 May 201256 daysHead of state
Joyce Banda MalawiPresident7 April 201231 May 20142 years, 54 daysHead of state and governmentExecutive
Park Geun-hye South KoreaPresident25 February 201310 March 2017
Suspended 9 December 2016
4 years, 13 days
3 years, 288 days
Head of state and governmentExecutive
Alenka Bratušek SloveniaPrime Minister20 March 201318 September 20141 year, 182 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Sibel Siber Northern CyprusPrime Minister13 June 20132 September 201381 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Tatiana Turanskaya TransnistriaPrime Minister10 June 201313 October 20152 years, 125 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Aminata Touré SenegalPrime Minister1 September 20138 July 2014310 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Erna Solberg NorwayPrime Minister16 October 201314 October 20217 years, 363 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Laimdota Straujuma LatviaPrime Minister22 January 201411 February 20162 years, 20 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Catherine Samba-Panza Central African RepublicActing President23 January 201430 March 20162 years, 67 daysHead of state
Michelle Bachelet ChilePresident11 March 201411 March 20184 years, 0 daysHead of state and governmentExecutive
Marie-Louise Coleiro Preca MaltaPresident4 April 20144 April 20195 years, 0 daysHead of state
Ewa Kopacz PolandPrime Minister22 September 201416 November 20151 year, 55 daysHead of government
Florence Duperval Guillaume HaitiActing Prime Minister20 December 201416 January 201527 daysHead of government
Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović CroatiaPresident19 February 201518 February 20204 years, 364 daysHead of state
Monique Ohsan Bellepeau MauritiusActing President29 May 20155 June 20157 daysHead of state
Ameenah Gurib-Fakim MauritiusPresident5 June 201523 March 20182 years, 291 daysHead of state
Natalia Gherman MoldovaActing Prime Minister22 June 201530 July 201538 daysHead of government
Vassiliki Thanou GreeceActing Prime Minister27 August 201521 September 201525 daysHead of government
Maya Parnas TransnistriaActing Prime Minister13 October 201530 November 201548 daysHead of government
Bidhya Devi Bhandari   NepalPresident29 October 2015Incumbent5 years, 352 daysHead of state
Beata Szydło PolandPrime Minister16 November 201511 December 20172 years, 25 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Tatiana Turanskaya TransnistriaPrime Minister30 November 20152 December 20152 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Maya Parnas TransnistriaActing Prime Minister2 December 201523 December 201521 daysHead of government
Hilda Heine Marshall IslandsPresident28 January 201614 January 20203 years, 351 daysHead of state and governmentExecutive
Aung San Suu Kyi MyanmarState Counsellor6 April 20161 February 20214 years, 301 daysDe facto head of government
Tsai Ing-wen Republic of China (Taiwan)President20 May 2016Incumbent5 years, 149 daysHead of stateExecutive
Doris Bures AustriaCo-Acting President8 July 201626 January 2017202 daysHead of state
Theresa May United KingdomPrime Minister13 July 201624 July 20193 years, 11 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Kersti Kaljulaid EstoniaPresident10 October 201611 October 20215 years, 1 dayHead of state
Ana Brnabić SerbiaPrime Minister29 June 2017Incumbent4 years, 109 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Halimah Yacob SingaporePresident14 September 2017Incumbent4 years, 32 daysHead of state
Jacinda Ardern New ZealandPrime Minister26 October 2017Incumbent3 years, 355 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Katrín Jakobsdóttir IcelandPrime Minister30 November 2017Incumbent3 years, 320 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Viorica Dăncilă RomaniaPrime Minister29 January 20184 November 20191 year, 279 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Paula-Mae Weekes Trinidad and TobagoPresident19 March 2018Incumbent3 years, 211 daysHead of state
Mia Mottley BarbadosPrime Minister25 May 2018Incumbent3 years, 144 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Đặng Thị Ngọc Thịnh VietnamActing President21 September 201823 October 201832 daysHead of state
Sahle-Work Zewde EthiopiaPresident25 October 2018Incumbent2 years, 356 daysHead of state
Salome Zurabishvili GeorgiaPresident16 December 2018Incumbent2 years, 304 daysHead of state
Brigitte Bierlein AustriaChancellor
(Interim)
3 June 20197 January 2020218 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Maia Sandu MoldovaPrime Minister8 June 201914 November 2019159 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Zuzana Čaputová SlovakiaPresident15 June 2019Incumbent2 years, 123 daysHead of state
Mette Frederiksen DenmarkPrime Minister27 June 2019Incumbent2 years, 111 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Sophie Wilmès BelgiumPrime Minister27 October 20191 October 2020340 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Jeanine Áñez BoliviaPresident
(Interim)
12 November 20198 November 2020362 daysHead of state and governmentExecutive
Sanna Marin FinlandPrime Minister10 December 2019Incumbent1 year, 310 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Katerina Sakellaropoulou GreecePresident13 March 2020Incumbent1 year, 217 daysHead of state
Rose Christiane Raponda GabonPrime Minister16 July 2020Incumbent1 year, 92 daysHead of governmentExecutive[h]
Victoire Tomegah Dogbé TogoPrime Minister28 September 2020Incumbent1 year, 18 daysHead of governmentExecutive[i]
Vjosa Osmani KosovoActing President5 November 202022 March 2021137 daysHead of state
Ingrida Šimonytė LithuaniaPrime Minister25 November 2020Incumbent325 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Maia Sandu MoldovaPresident24 December 2020Incumbent296 daysHead of state
Kaja Kallas EstoniaPrime Minister26 January 2021Incumbent263 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Maya Tskitishvili GeorgiaActing Prime Minister14 February 202118 February 20214 daysHead of government
Samia Suluhu Hassan TanzaniaPresident19 March 2021Incumbent211 daysHead of state and governmentExecutive
Vjosa Osmani KosovoPresident4 April 2021Incumbent195 daysHead of state
Fiamē Naomi Mataʻafa SamoaPrime Minister24 May 2021Incumbent145 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Natalia Gavrilița MoldovaPrime Minister6 August 2021Incumbent71 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Najla Bouden TunisiaPrime Minister11 October 2021Incumbent4 daysHead of governmentExecutive
Dame Sandra Mason BarbadosPresident30 November 2021DesignateHead of state

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